: The arabian peninsula 1954


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THE
ARABIAN PENINSULA

By
Richard H. SANGER
NEW YORK: First Edition 1954
Richard Harlakenden Sanger (1905

1842


: 1954
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43

550



The author of the Arabian Peninsula has lived and traveled widely in the Middle East. He knew personally the late King Ibn Saud and escorted the present King of Saudi Arabia when he was in the United States. The Imams of Yemen, the Sheikhs of Kuwait and Bahrein, and government officials of the other countries of t he Peninsula - as well as many of the diplomats, oil men, explorers, archaeologists, and economic experts who have made modern Arabian history - are also known personally by Mr. Sanger.
The Arabian Peninsula will stand beside the absorbing works of that great explorer and writer, H.St.J.B. Philby, who amazed the world with his accounts of Arabia before the "Great Change" that is now in progress. The Arabia that Philby described is fast vanishing; today's Arabia and her colorful life, people, and new ways live in this book.

ORIGINAL 1954 FIRST EDITION

FASCINATING ACCOUNT OF

ARABIA, BAHRAIN, KUWAIT
YEMEN & the EMIRATES


With Photograph Illustrations
from
more than 55 Years Ago

From Introduction ...

Civilization on Trial, Professor Arnold J. Toynbee has written, Future historians will say, that the great event of the twentieth century was the impact of Western civilization upon all the other living societies of the world of that day. They will say of this impact that it was so powerful and so pervasive that it turned the lives of all its victims upside down and inside out.

Nowhere has this impact of Western civilization been more striking than in the Arabian Peninsula. From the Red Sea to the Persian Gulf, from the Syrian desert to the Arabian Sea, the timeless heart of the Arab East is stirring; the Arabian Peninsula is beginning to move into the twentieth century. Up to twenty years ago, this great tract of land, larger than India and almost one-third the size of the United States, had been visited by only a few dozen Europeans, most of whom had seen little but its coastal cities. They reported that it was virtually unchanged since the time of the Prophet. Now, after standing still for twelve hundred years, time is on the march again in Arabia. A score of years have seen more changes in some parts of Arabia than have all the centuries since the death of Mohammed.

Many factors contributed to this change, including automobiles, airplanes, radios, and two world wars. But undoubtedly the two most important factors were the unification of most of the peninsula under a single strong ruler and that rulers consolidation of his kingdom at the Arabia is indeed changing under the impact of Western civilization, and no one who has seen its dust and dirt and poverty, its half-blind children, its women old before their time, and its men struggling to wring a barren living from a dust bowl of sun, sand, and rock, can doubt that on the material side the change is for the better.


Contents ...

Chapters

Jidda: Diplomatic Capital and Pilgrim Gateway

Reopening One of King Solomons Mines

The Rise of the House of Saud

King Saud al Saud

Model Farms of Al Kharj

The People of the Tent

The People of the Palm

Aramco: Americas Largest Near East Investment

Up and Down the Oil Coast

British Explorers of the Empty Quarter

Bahrein: Islands of Pearls and Petroleum

Kuwait: Salem of the Persian Gulf

The Trucial Coast: Pirates and Petty Sheikhdoms (Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Ajman, Sharja, Ras al Khaima)

Muscat: Our Oldest Near Eastern Friend

The Colony of Aden: Englands Arabian Gibraltar

The Aden Protectorates: Lands of Incense and Skyscrapers

Land of the Imam

Mission to Yemen

Revolt in Sana

Acknowledgments

Bibliography

Index


Illustrations ...

King Saud al Saud before a portrait of his father at the Saudi Arabian Embassy in Washington when he visited this country as Crown Prince in January and February of 1947, frontispiece

Sailing dhows landing at Jidda with Moslems on their annual pilgrimage to Mecca

Harem balconies in an old section of Jeddah

Heavily laden camels crossing a paved thoroughfare in Jidda

The plant of the Saudi Arabian Mining Syndicate at Mahad Dhahab

Pilgrims in Jidda boarding a bus

The late King Abdul Aziz ibn Saud

Entrance to the palace of the late King at Riyadh

Laying the Trans-Arabian Pipe Line

Saudi Arab employees riding a Diesel engine of the new Saudi Arabian Railroad

Modem agricultural machinery on an Al Kharj district farm

Harvesting young onions on a farm in the Al Kharj district

Bedouin family serving coffee to an American guest from the oil coast

The author in a date garden of Hofuf

Bedouin watering their camels at a Saudi Arabian oasis

Twilight view of Arabian American Oil Companys stabilizer installation at Dhahran

A Saudi Arab plant operator instructing Arabian American Oil Company trainees

Awali, a residential section on Bahrein (Bahrain) Island

Sheikh Sir Salman ibn Hamad al Khalifah, ruler of Bahrein

The suq in Kuwait

Primitive methods used in lifting water in a palm garden

A deep-sea dhow in the port of Kuwait

Sixteenth-century Portuguese fort guarding Matrah Harbor in Muscat

Skyscrapers of Shibam in the Hadhramaut

Aden harbor, with Steamer Point in the distance

Colonel William A. Eddy signing the agreement of commerce and friendship with Yemen in the guesthouse in Sana, April 1946

The entrance to the Moon Temple at Marib

Wood market in the central square in Sana, Yemen

A house in the residential section of Sana

Maps ...

Physical map of the Arabian Peninsula

Political map of the Arabian Peninsula

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